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Online how to Woodworking Guide – The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

An Online How to Woodworking Guide

Segmented Woodturning - Woodturner - Online how to woodworking Guide- The Apprenticeand The Journeyman UniversityThe Apprentice and The Journeyman University is an Online How To Woodworking Guide  specifically for woodworkers. This ongoing collection of  woodworking videos, articles, and wood projects is for the beginning woodworker as well as the experienced woodworker. The primary goal of sharing this woodworking knowledge base is to pass on experience to those who want to take their woodworking skills to a higher level.

The online how to woodworking guide is set up so that you can easily browse through the various woodworking subjects at a glance.  This offers woodworkers an opportunity learn many new woodworking ideas. These are how to woodworking tips that you can immediately apply in your woodworking shop. So, if you are new to woodworking and have been wanting to learn how to woodwork, take your time and enjoy this knowledge base. If you are an experienced craftsman, here’s an opportunity to share proven woodworking ideas and techniques. If you find value with this online how to woodworking guide, consider The Apprentice and The Journeyman University as a regular source for your online woodworking.

“Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.”
Leonardo da Vinci 
…Italian painter, sculptor, architect, and engineer…(1452-1519)

Architectural Details…Interior, Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House, Chicago - Frank Lloyd Wright Homes - Online how to Woodworking Guide

Custom Inlay Designs for Arts and Crafts Woodworking

Decorative Door Knockers of Florence, Italy

Decorative Inlay Patterns for Custom Hardwood Inlays

Decorative Woodworking Patterns of Architectural Millwork & Custom Moulding

Fine Woodworking Patterns for the Skilled Woodworker

Frank Lloyd Wright Homes – CarpentryVideo

Front Doors of Florence Italy

Santa Maria del Fiore…Duomo Cathedral of Florence, Italy

Woodworking Ideas & Patterns from Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo

Articles…Segmented woodturning - Wood lathe - new to woodworking - woodworking ideas

Band Saw Woodworking Safety Tips

How Venice Italy was Built on a Foundation of Wood

Miraculous Staircase – Carpentry and WoodworkingVideo

Steve’s Woodworking Shop Tour

The Practice of Woodworking

Wood Veneer Coffee Table by Vincenzo

Woodworking Skills…The Shape of Things to Come

Arts and Crafts…

Gustav Stickley…Father of the American Arts and Crafts MovementVideo

Custom Picture Frame with Hardwood Inlay

Crosscut Sleds…Band Saw Cross Cut Sleds - Bandsaw Crosscut sled - new to woodworking

A French Built Dedicated Miter Sled

Bandsaw Crosscut SledVideo

Building a Dedicated Miter Sled for the tablesawVideo

Dedicated Miter Sled…revisited

Let’s Build a Bandsaw Miter SledVideo

Let’s Build a Dedicated Dado Sled for the Table SawVideo

Let’s Make Picture Frames with the Dedicated Miter SledVideo

SketchUp of the Dedicated Miter Sled for the Tablesaw

Tilting Bandsaw Miter SledVideo


James Krenov…Legendary Woodworker 1920-2009

Inspiration in Venice, Italy

 Remembering James KrenovVideo

Sam Maloof…woodworking interview…1982Video


Box Joint Fence for the Dado Crosscut SledSplined Mitre Joints - Picture Frame - Joiner - Joinery

Cutting Tenons on a Dado Crosscut SledVideo

How to Make Perfect Miter Joints

Let’s Make Spline Miter JointsVideo

Mastering the Miter JointVideo

The Splined Miter JointVideo


 ProjectsKoa Jewelry Box - Veneer - Veneering - wood veneer - wooden jewelry boxes

A Custom Bathroom Wall Cabinet with Raised Panel Doors

A Hand Dovetailed Black Walnut Jewelry Box

A Multidrawer Wall Cabinet for the Workshop

A Woodworking Drill Press Table

Double Bevel Marquetry…a Tulip of Various Woods

How to Make a Picture Frame – Top Woodworking TipsVideo 

Let’s Build a Drill Press TableVideo

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 1Video

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 2…Vacuum PressVideo

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 3Video

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 4Video

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 5…WoodturningVideo

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 6…JoineryVideo

Let’s Build a Magazine CaseVideo

Koa Wood for a Woodworking Project

Techniques…Cutting thin strips - Saw Techniques - Bandsaw Jig - Resaw Band saw

Band Saw Rip Fence made in the ShopVideo

Bandsaw Resawing Method…Article & Video

Creating Picture Frame MouldingVideo

Cutting Thin Strips on the Band SawVideo

Finish Work Methods for an Inlaid Picture FrameArticle & Video

How to adjust for Band Saw Blade DriftVideo

How to Create Dentil MouldingVideo

How to Cut Uniform Thin Strips

Woodworking Tip – The Power of the ShimVideo

Tools…Wooden picture frame - Ulmia Miter Clamps - Miter clamp - Mitre Clamps - Pinch Clamp

A Favorite Tool…The Wixey Digital Angle Gauge

Card Scraper for Wood Inlay Bandings

How to make Poorboy Parallel ClampsVideo

Poorboy Parallel Clamps…questions from a Woodworker

Precision Woodworking Tools…using a Caliper

Sliding Bevel Gauge – Woodworking Layout Tool

The 5 Most Important Power Tools in my Woodworking Shop

Try Anti-Fatigue Mats…your feet will thank you!

Ulmia Miter Clamps and Pinch Clamps

Using Push Sticks for Safe WoodworkingArticle & Video

Zero Clearance Table Saw Inserts

Wood Inlay…Wood Inlay Bandings - How to make Wood Inlays - Making Inlay Banding - Decorative Wood Inlay

A Sicilian Walnut Table with Decorative Wood Inlay Banding

A Step by Step Process…A Banding with Checkers

A Study of Creating Wood Inlay Bandings

Buffard Freres…The 1926 Wood Inlay Banding Catalog

 Buffard Freres wood inlay bandings…1134-1141

Checkered Wood Inlay Bandings

Creating bandings for wood inlayVideo

Creating your own Wood Inlay Bandings…The Secrets Revealed

Hardwood Inlays made in the Woodworking Shop

How to create Barber Pole Wood Inlay Banding

How to Glue Wood Inlay BandingArticle & Video

How to install Wood InlayVideo

How to make Bandings for Wood Inlay…Part 1

How to make Bandings for Wood Inlay…Part 2

How to Make Designs in Wood InlayArticle & Video

How to Make Picture Frames with Wood Inlay

Learn How to Make Wood Inlay BandingsVideo

Let’s Install Wood Inlay BandingsVideo

Making Wood Inlay on the BandsawVideo

Ripping Thin Strips of Wood Inlay on the Band SawVideo

The Art of Wood Inlay BandingArticle

Wolf’s Tooth…a Decorative Wood Inlay Banding

Wolf’s Tooth Banding…a Two for One

Wooden Patterns for ParquetryArticle & Video

Wood Inlay Banding – How to Make Barber Pole BandingVideo

Wood Inlay Banding – How to Make the Square Pattern…Video

Wood Inlay…the Bandings are readyVideo

Wood Inlay…Making a Statement

Wood Patterns for Inlay BandingsArticle & Video

 Woodturning…Salt and Pepper mills - Wood Turning - Woodturning Projects - Wood Lathe - Woodturner

 Creating and Turning Salt and Peppermills

A fascinating woodturning process

Let’s Turn Salt and Pepper MillsVideo

 Wood turning tools used for the Salt and Pepper Mills


 …Segmented Wood Turning…Segmented Woodturning - Segmented Bowl Turning - Segmented woodturners - Segmented woodturning videos

 A Salad Bowl set of maple & walnut…part 1

A Salad Bowl set of maple & walnut…part 2

Finishing the Segmented Vase of walnut & mapleVideo

Gluing and Aligning wood rings for Segmented Turnings

Mortising the base of the segmented vaseVideo

9 1/2″ x 12″ Vase…Segmented Woodturning

Organizing the segments and rings

Segmented Vase 9″ x 12″…Mahogany, maple, cherry, & walnut

 Segmented Vase…maple & walnut

Segmented vase of maple, mahogany, and walnut

Segmented Wood Turning…a Cherry and Walnut Bowl

Staved Segmented Woodturning…a Fruit Bowl

The Process of Segmented Woodturning

Turning a Segmented Vase on a Wood Lathe

Woodturning…A Segmented Vase of Walnut and Maple

Woodturning…Dinner Salad Bowls of Mahogany and Walnut

Woodturning… video of the 9″ x 12″ Segmented VaseVideo

Wood Turn a Segmented Knob on a Wood Lathe…Video

Wood Turning…a Segmented Fruit Bowl…part 1Video

 Wood Turning…a Segmented Fruit Bowl…part 2Video


Woodworking Power Tools

A Custom Bathroom Wall Cabinet with Raised Panel Doors

“It’s not that I had a message that was outstanding or unique or anything like that. I just expressed the feelings that a great number of people had … ‘Live the life that you want to live. Don’t be unhappy in your work.'” …James Krenov (1920-2009)

In this woodworking article we study the making of a custom bathroom wall cabinet of beautifully grained black walnut with raised panel doors. The cabinet measures 20″ x 24″ x 5″ and features brass cabinet hardware. Bridle joints are the choice of wood joinery for the frame and panel cabinet doors. The carcase of the cabinet is joined using a biscuit joiner, biscuits, yellow glue and butt joints. All the walnut stock has been dimensioned to 3/4″. The back panel is 3/8″ thick and has been let into rabbets on the inside back edges of the top, bottom, and sides. The panel is made of a 1/4″ MDF core with front and back veneers of 1/16″ bookmatched walnut. Veneer was ripped on the band saw, the edges were jointed on the jointer, and then matched together during a dry fit. Finally, the MDF and veneers were laminated using glue and a veneer press to create the panel.

Constructing the Door Frames:

1.) The dimensioned material for the rails and stiles is 3/4″ x 1-3/4″. A 1/4″ groove to house the raised panels was then created for each rail and stile on the table saw using a dado blade combination.

2.) The bridle joints were created on the table saw using a tenon jig along with a dado blade setup. The mortises of the stiles were initially cut and the the tenons of the rails were then sized to fit. Final fitting of the mortise was made using a shoulder plane. Make sure the fit is snug and is a good looking fit as this joint will be exposed revealing quality craftsmanship. (The Spline Miter Joint is also a great choice of decorative joinery as it is also a very stable and strong joint.)

Creating the Raised Panels:

1.) The walnut material for the raised panels was selected because it had a lighter wood tone than the rest of the cabinet thus creating a nice contrast. This particular wood was chosen because it has a wonderful grain pattern.

2.) The raised panels were cut on the table saw. First, the rectangles of each raised panel were scored to about 1/8″ using a dado blade. This procedure involves the panel laying flat on the table saw. The rip cut is performed with the fence in position and the cross cut is made with the aid of a miter gauge set to 90 degrees to the dado blade. Keep in mind that this operation needs to be performed four times because there are two panels and two sides to each panel. So, use the same tablesaw set up for each panel side.

2.) To create the angle for the raised panel we tilt the dado blade to 5 degrees and raise the dado blade to the height of the scored outline we created in the previous step. For the actual cutting of the 5 degree angles a shop made jig was used. The jig fits over the table saw fence, has a handle, and slides along the fence as the panel is secured in place with a toggle clamp.

3.) Any necessary clean up of the raised panels angles is performed with the shoulder plane.

Assembling the Raised Panel Doors:

1.) Dry fit the raised panels into the 1/4″ groove of the rails and stiles. Make sure the fit is snug as it need not be too tight or too loose. Bevel the raised panel edges with a block plane if need be.

2.) Next we dry fit the complete door assembly. When we are happy with the results of the door’s fit it’s time to prepare for the final assembly of our doors.

3.) For the gluing operation we will need a glue bottle, parallel clamps, F-clamps, cauls, glue brush, rags, etc. (Use F-clamps to create pressure on the bridle joints.)

4,) Apply yellow glue to the surfaces of the bridle joints. Remember…only apply a dab of glue to the center of each raised panel where it meets the rail. This will allow for seasonal wood movement of the panel.

Fitting the Raised Panel Doors:

Fit the doors into the opening of the carcase by obtaining the desired clearances at the top, bottom, and sides. (I left 3/32″ on both sides where the hinges are and left a 1/16′ margin at the top and bottom. Where the two doors meet in the middle I left a margin of 1/16″.) Also, it is important to back bevel the doors edges where they meet in the middle. This will allow the necessary clearance for the doors to open freely without hanging up on one another.

Mortising the Gains for the hinges on the carcase and on the doors:
Choose a method that works best for you. You can use a router with a template made for the hinge size or you can simply cut the gains using a mallet and a chisel. Yours truly laid out the location of the gains using a knife, combination square, and a butt gauge. Then it was time for the mallet, chisel, and some hand work.

Fit the shelves:
The shelves have a thickness of 5/16″. Shelf pins are set into the interior’s side walls at desired locations.

Hanging the Cabinet Doors:
Brass hinges were used in this instance. I like the look of brass against the walnut’s wood tones. Get a nice fit with the hinges.

Set the door knobs:
Choose your location and drill. When drilling make sure to use a backer board to avoid blowing out the backside of the stile. Decorative brass door knobs were the selected hardware choice.

Apply the Wood Finish:
1.) Remove all the hardware.
2.) Sand and scrape the walnut to a desired surface preparation. This cabinet was sanded to 400 grit sandpaper.
3.) Choose your favorite wood finish and apply. Numerous applications of Satin Arm-R-Seal urethane top coat were applied to the custom bathroom wall cabinet and raised panel doors.

Attaching the Cabinet to the Wall:
1.) There are two 1/4″ x 2″ x 18-1/2″ rails inside the cabinet. One interior rail is placed where the back panel and the cabinet top meet. The other interior rail is placed where the back panel and bottom meet. (Screws will be driven through these rails.)
2.) The desired height of the cabinet location was determined. Wall studs locations were also found. Screw holes were pre-drilled and countersunk in the interior back rails. Screws were then driven through the interior rails and the back panel and also into the wall studs to secure the leveled cabinet.

Learn more about Bridle Joints.

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

A Multidrawer Wall Cabinet for the Workshop

“The greater danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it.”
Michaelangelo Buonarrroti
1474-1564, Italian Renaissance Painter and Sculptor

A few years ago Fine Woodworking magazine and offered a woodworking article titled “Build a Multidrawer Wall Cabinet” presented by woodworker, Chris Gochnour. It’s a great magazine article as Chris goes into the details of building a 12-drawer Shaker style wall cabinet and the eleven part woodworking video allows for an even greater depth of coverage. The construction of the cabinet requires one’s focus and commitment to accuracy.

Multidrawer wall cabinet

12 drawer Shaker style wall mount apothecary

Sometime after reading the article I was in my woodworking shop and feeling a need for better organization. (Have you ever had this thought cross your mind while in your shop?) So, when thinking of woodworking ideas for a project I decided that I could improve the organization of my hardware by building this multi-drawer wall cabinet. I did not feel a need to make it out of cherry or any other hardwood because this was to be simply a wall mount cabinet for the shop. However, it needed to be built to last and so I chose to use 1/2″ Baltic Birch plywood for the carcase and also for the cabinet drawer sides and back. Hard maple was used for the drawer front along with a Shaker style cabinet knob with 1/4′ diameter tenons. The drawer bottom is made of simple hardboard that was conveniently available in the shop.

My attitude towards taking on this project was twofold. The cabinet would serve a direct purpose in the woodworking shop by housing hardware and the wood project would also present a challenge to me and therefore make for good practice. And so it was “Game On.”

While the finished Shaker cabinet has a simple look about it there certainly can be complexities to it if you are not careful. The reason the cabinet and drawers appear simple is due to the fact of careful layout and careful construction. The dimensions of the carcase directly relate to the sizing of the drawers. If you are right on then there is no problem. On the other hand, if you get off a little with your dimensions you could create new challenges.

Drawer from Multidrawer wall cabinet

Apothecary Shaker style drawer with maple turned knob..

In my previous post titled The Practice of Woodworking we discussed the importance of our dedication to our woodworking craft and of the improvement of our skill levels through practicing. Here, we can learn through our mistakes and we can learn how to correct our mistakes. Perhaps there is no better teacher!

Especially, for those of you who are The Apprentice (beginning woodworkers), remember to visualize your finished project as you desire it to appear. Have this mental image before you even pick up the material or your tools. Then start your project and maintain this image throughout the building stage. Hold this image until completion. Enjoy the process!

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

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