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February 23, 2017

Finish Work Methods for an Inlaid Picture Frame

Finish Work Methods for Lasting Beauty

 

Finish Work Methods Include Surface Preparation

 

Completed Cosmati Picture Frame - Finish Work MethodsFinish work methods can make all the difference in a woodworker’s project. One of the major challenges for the beginning woodworker, intermediate woodworker, or even an experienced longtime woodworker can be the ability to achieve a satisfactory wood finish. Surface preparation is a key ingredient to achieving the desired results. In this woodworking article we will focus on these important woodworking skills. These finish work methods include the use of a card scraper and also the use of sandpaper with a sanding block.

 

The Value of Using a Card Scraper

 

Cosmati Picture Frame - Finish Work Methods - Card ScraperWhy include the card scraper in the finish work methods? The card scraper gives the woodworker a controlled way of leveling the surface of his woodworking project. In the woodworking video, the woodworker uses the card scraper to level the decorative wood inlay banding to the surface of the picture frame. Not only is the woodworker taking thin shavings off of the banding, he is also cleaning up all the glue lines and any excess glue that may be on the surface. It is critically important to remove this dried glue prior to applying the finish. If not removed, the glue will stick out like a sore thumb once the chosen finish is applied. So, it is imperative that we take care of that now before it becomes an issue.

 

Control the Wood Being Removed

 

Another important reason the card scraper is included in these finish work methods is because the decorative wood inlay banding is of only 3/32″ thick and the banding is inlaid and glued into a shallow depth of a 1/16″ dado. The card scraper allows the woodworker to remove thin shavings of wood at this time while eliminating the need for any heavy sanding. In this way the woodworker can carefully control the amount of material being removed. We definitely want to make sure that the inlay banding is not sanded through.

 

Why Sand with a Sanding Block? 

 

Cosmati Picture Frame - Finish Work Methods Sandpaper is used with a sanding block. This woodworking technique allows for the woodworker to comfortably grip the sandpaper. This method also provides the woodworker with a great means for applying an even pressure to the picture frame surface. Keep in mind that we are looking for a smooth, flat surface for our woodworking project.  Depending on how well the work is performed with the card scraper and the type of wood being used for the project, it is likely that the initial sanding can begin with 100 to 200 grit sandpaper. In the case of this picture frame, the woodworker continued to prepare the wood surface up to 400 grit sandpaper.

 

How to Check for Glue Stain

 

A portion of the finish work methods includes applying a small amount of paint thinner to a rag and then applying it to the picture frame. Why is this an important element of the finish work methods? There are two parts to this answer. The wiping of the woodworking project with paint thinner helps to clean up any sawdust that may remain from the sanding. This cleaning technique will also show us any glue that may may be left on the surface of our project. If we see any glue stain showing at this time, we still have some more work to do before we apply the wood finish. If any glue stain remains, we need to remove it with further sanding.

 

Sanding Sealer, Cherry Wood, and Blotching

 

These finish work methods lead us up to the important moment of applying the finish. In the case of the woodworker’s picture frame, he chose to apply a coat of sanding sealer to the cherry picture frame. Cherry is prone to blotching and the sealer will help to remedy this issue.

 

Applying the Lacquer

 

Cosmati Picture frame 086After the sanding sealer has been applied and given time to adequately dry, it is time to perform a light sanding. This sanding will help by giving the surface some “tooth.” In other words, when the lacquer is sprayed onto the freshly sanded surface, the lacquer will have a good surface to adhere to. (Be sure to remove any and all sanding dust prior to applying the lacquer.) The woodworker can then proceed to build up layers of lacquer to achieve a desirable wood finish for his or her woodworking project.

 

Watch more YouTube woodworking how to videos online.

…Your comments are welcomed…

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University


How to Make Designs in Wood Inlay

Designs in Wood Inlay

 

Designs in wood inlay - Small Star patternDesigns in wood inlay for this woodworking project are created using specialized band saw methods. As you can see when you watch the YouTube woodworking video, very small pieces of decorative wood are cut on the band saw. Initially, the band saw table is set to 30 degrees and a cross cut sled is added. The 1/4″ hardwood material to be cut is maple and mahogany. A stop block is set to control 1/4″ repetitive cuts on the cross cut sled. (Use a dial caliper to ensure the measurements are dead on.) At this point it is a simple matter of making the cross cuts which will produce elongated wooden diamond segments.

 

How to Work Safe when Making Designs of Wood Inlay on the Band Saw

Designs in wood inlay - Small Star pattern - Band Saw table set at 30 degreesWhile creating designs in wood inlay it is important to play attention to the band saw setup. Make sure that the band saw bearing guide assembly is kept low to limit the band saw blade exposure to your hands. To work safe, take your time and develop a comfortable pace. Simply focus on the quality and accuracy of each and every cut being made.

 

Sanding the Burrs

It is a good idea to place the wood segments in a container to keep them organized. When all the segments are cut it is time to rub them on a 120 grit sanding block to remove any burrs. When all the wooden segments have been sanded it is time to glue up the designs in wood inlay.

 

How to Glue Up Designs in Wood Inlay

Designs in wood inlay - Small Star pattern - Simple clamping systemA disposable glue brush, white glue, rubber bands, wire, and pliers is all that is needed for the glue up. At this point it is a simple matter of brushing glue on the segments and positioning them. (The designs in wood inlay that we are creating is a star pattern.) Our clamping system is pretty basic and we first wrap rubber bands around our glued up segments to allow the glue to set. After the glue sets it is then time to tighten wire around the ends of the each glue up. Then let the glue cure.

When the glue has set we take each of our star patterns to the sanding block to smooth it out and remove any leftover glue. We want a good, flat surface when we set the star patterns on the band saw cross cut sled.

 

Cutting Designs in Wood Inlay on the Band Saw

Designs in wood inlay - Small Star pattern - Band saw cross cut sledNow the fun begins as we  square off an end of each star pattern. Next we choose a scrap block and square off an end and apply double stick tape to that end. Now it is a simple matter of connecting a squared off end of a star pattern to the double stick tape of the stop block. The addition of the scrap block allows for a work safe condition when working with the band saw cross cut sled. In essence our hands will be plenty clear of the band saw blade when cutting our designs in wood inlay veneers.

For the first cut of each star pattern block we will make a trim cut. Then we will square up the end so that the block can be set against the clamped stop block. The stop block is set to make a cut of 3/32″. Now it is simply a matter of slicing small wood veneer sheets. Each of the wood veneer sheets contains star parquetry designs in wood inlay. The use of the wood veneers are open to the woodworker’s imagination. These designs in wood inlay can be used as either inlays or onlays. A woodworker can use these hardwood veneers to adorn many woodworking projects such as custom wood furniture, decorative picture frames, exquisite jewelry boxes, and much, much more.

…Your comments are welcomed…

 

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

 


Wooden Patterns for Parquetry

Creating Wooden Patterns for Parquetry

Small wooden patterns of geometric design can be safely cut on the band saw. This post shares with you a few woodworking ideas that will enable you to create some wonderful parquetry for your wood projects using a bandsaw crosscut sled. The wooden patterns shown are made from hardwoods leftover from various wood projects. It’s a great way to utilize scrap material!

Wooden Patterns for Parquetry - 60 Degree DiamondsThe  lozenges  are diamond segments that are cut using the 60 degree band saw sled. A stop block is set up and clamped to to the sled’s fence to ensure uniform segments. Keep in my that all four lengths of the lozenge must be of equal length. A few test cuts with scrap material measured with a dial caliper will guarantee the correct length. Check that the sides are equal to one another. Another way to check is to measure across the lozenge in both directions. These dimensions are to be equal to one another.

 

Wooden Patterns for Parquetry - 60 Degree Band Saw SledOnce you begin to cut the lozenges, you will start to experiment with various hardwoods. It’s only natural to rearrange the diamond shaped wood segments. You will mix in various wood tones to create a number of wooden patterns. Play with it. Before long you will see 3 dimensional wooden cubes appear.

 

 

Wooden patterns for parquetry - 60 Degree Band Saw SledThe star wooden pattern is a simple matter of having six lozenges. In this case three are of maple while the other three lozenges are walnut. To glue this wood design just brush on the glue with a disposable glue brush, check for alignment, and wrap a rubber band around it to serve as its clamp. Once the glue sets, it will be plenty strong.

 

 Hardwood veneers of these various wooden patterns can be sliced on the band saw using the techniques that are shown to you in the accompanying woodworking video. Just use a longer block of wood and attach double stick tape. Attach the wood pattern to the tape. Set up the Rockler thin rip jig to the desired thickness of the veneer that you want. (3/32″ is my preference.) Adjust the band saw fence and you are ready to slice veneers.

…Your comments are welcomed…

 

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University


Wood Veneer Coffee Table by Vincenzo

Wood Veneer Coffee Table

“Genius is eternal patience.”

Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475 – 1564)…Sculptor, painter, architect, poet, engineer.

Wood veneer coffee table...ash, walnut , olive and chestnut veneers.

This wood veneer coffee table was made and sent to us by an Italian woodworker and craftsman Vincenzo who lives in Sicily. The woods used to create this beautiful piece of furniture are ash, walnut, olive, and chestnut. Vincenzo chose a quality grade plywood as a choice for the substrate to which the veneer was laminated.

 

 

Wood veneer - Parquetry design.

Vincenzo created a terrific design for his wood veneer coffee table. The central feature design is one of simple elegance which includes a defining inlay banding which contains a cross pattern of parquetry.

The shopmade wood veneers are all dimensioned to an even thickness. Typically, this can done by using a power planer and also by using a drum sander.

 

Wood veneer layout - Parquetry patternThe parquetry pattern for the coffee table feature design is first laid out on the plywood substrate. Each wood veneer segment is then precisely fit to match the pencil layout. Notice how the woodworker, Vincenzo uses a dial caliper, sandpaper, and masking tape in this veneering operation. The dial caliper is used to to measure the fit needed. The sandpaper helps to fine tune the joinery. Finally, the masking tape holds the joinery in place.

The entire wood veneer pattern evolves from the center and expands outwardly. The veneer segments of the parquetry pattern is glued in place once a good fit is obtained.

Mitering, gluing, and securing the walnut border.

In this picture we can see how Vincenzo secures the fit of the miter joints for the walnut border as they are being glued. Scrap blocks serve as clamps in this case as finish nails are tacked through the blocks and into the plywood substrate.

 

 

 

Olive wood bordersOlive wood borders are prepared for fitting.

 

 

 

 

 

Precision wood veneer joinery to create a parquetry pattern.


A parquetry pattern is obtained for the featured design. Vincenzo reveals some of the woodworking tools he employs to get excellent fitting joinery. He uses a razor knife and a sharp pencil for marking the wood veneer. Then he uses a Japanese dozuki saw to make the precise cut. Any fine tuning of the fit can then be performed with the sandpaper.

 

The wood banding is fit and glued in place.

The wood tones and grain pattern of the olive wood provides a nice contrast to the walnut. This photo reveals the completed feature design. Again, the woodworker has secured the border during glue-up by tacking finish nails through scrap blocks and into the plywood substrate.

(Notice the grain direction of the contrasting woods that comprise the parquetry pattern.)

 

The completed piece of furniture with bookmatched veneer..This photo shows Vincenzo’s completed design for his coffee table. The furniture piece now includes bookmatched wood veneer, another walnut border, a walnut accent piece at each miter joint, and also a mitered moulding which conceals the edge of the plywood substrate.

Shellac is Vincenzo’s choice for finish and he has buffed it out for a great appearance.

 

The completed coffee table includes curved legs.Notice how the curved legs adds a distinctive and graceful  flair to this well designed table.

Congratulations my friend, Vincenzo for designing and creating this beautiful, wood veneered coffee table for his house. Also, I would like to personally thank Vincenzo for sharing his inspired furniture plan and woodworking techniques with us.

View “A Sicilian Walnut Table with Decorative Wood Inlay Banding” that Vincenzo created.

 


The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

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