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February 23, 2017

Routing Wood with a Router Template

Routing Wood the Easy Way

 

Routing wood with a plunge router and router templateRouting wood for wood inlay requires using a router in a controlled manner. One of the challenges of using a wood router is making sure that the spinning router bit stays within the desired area to be cut. Using a router template is a great way to ensure that the woodworker is able to maintain cutting accuracy. As a result, routing wood with a template can also greatly improve  efficiency and production in the woodworking shop.

 

Making the Router Template

 

Routing wood with a router templateThe woodworking video shows how the router template is easily made by using a scrap of 1/4 inch MDF. The design of the diamond veneer is transferred onto the MDF by taking a sharp pencil and outlining the pattern. Next, a critical measurement is taken into consideration. We measure from the cutting edge of the router bit to the outside edge of the router guide bushing. This measurement is now added to the outline of the diamond that is now on the MDF. This newly created outline is then cut out on the band saw and becomes our actual guide for routing wood. (Cut just shy of the line and clean up the cut with a file.)

 

Routing Wood with the Plunge Router

 

Routing Wood - Bandsawn router template guide.Using double stick tape is an easy way to secure and align the position of the router template. Set the depth of the router bit just shy of the wood veneer to be inlaid. The next step is simply routing wood with a plunge router that has a straight bit. Cut along the outside edge of the template in a counter clockwise direction. Once this outline is cut it is then time to “hog” out all the remaining  wood within the template.

 

Using Chisels for the Final Cleanup

 

Routing wood with a router template - Gluing & clamping.Once we are finished routing wood with the plunge router, it is then time to remove our routing template. The outer points of our diamond pattern need to be further defined. We now take a straightedge and a pencil to outline the points and then proceed by using sharp chisels to clean up the remaining wood. Finally, we can test fit our diamond wood veneer inlay. When we have our perfect fit, we can continue with the glue up and clamping.

 

 

Watch more YouTube woodworking how to videos online.

…Your comments are welcomed…

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

 


Using a Router for Wood Inlay

Using a Router to Inlay a Compass Rose

 

The woodworker is using a router in this woodworking article to create a recess in mahogany. This recess will house a compass rose veneer that was previously sliced on the band saw. Now, a Dewalt DWP611PK compact plunge router with a 1/4 inch straight router bit is used to cut a recess to house the veneer.

 

The techniques demonstrated by the woodworker in this article are basically just for practice. He is simply testing to develop a strategy for when it becomes time to actually inlay the compass rose veneer. Practicing woodworking in the shop is a great idea. It’s a good way to develop confidence in one’s skills. We all know that it is better to make a mistake while practicing rather than to make an error on the actual woodworking project

 

Laying Out the Compass Rose

 

Compass Rose - Bandsaw Resawing - Using a RouterThe first step for the woodworker is to outline the compass rose on the mahogany. This is simply done by tracing a pencil line around the compass rose veneer. Then the layout lines are cut by using the straight edge from a combination square and scoring the lines with a sharp utility knife. The cut lines are then penciled in for better visibility.

 

Using a Router to Make the Plunge Cut

 

Using a Router for Wood Inlay
When using a router to make a plunge cut for wood inlay,  it is necessary to “zero in” the router bit. What this means is that the router is adjusted so that the bottom of the router bit is at the same level as the router’s base. Next, the router bit can be adjusted for the depth of the plunge cut. Since the thickness of the compass rose is 3/32″, the bit will need to make a plunge cut of 1/16”.  This will allow the compass rose to extend above the surface of the mahogany by 1/32″. This is an ideal amount for scraping and then sanding so that both surfaces can become level with one another.

 

A Compact Plunge Router with LED Lights

 

When using a router to freehand the pattern, it is critically important that the woodworker takes his or her time. We want to make sure that the router bit maintains the cut within the scored lines. One beautiful feature of this DeWalt plunge router is that it has LED lights to illuminate the cutting area. This makes life so much more easier and that much more enjoyable for the woodworker.

 

Routing Closer to the Lines

 

Using a Rotory Tool for Wood InlayAfter the woodworker is finished using the compact router in this demonstration, he then uses a Foredom rotory tool with a 1/8″ bit to rout closer to the lines. As you can see, the rotory tool is in a shop-made wooden base. Afterwards, hand tool skills are required as chisels and a mallet are used for the final cutting of the recess.

The compass rose wood inlay veneer is now fit into the mahogany. The next step is to carefully glue this veneer into the recess.

Watch more YouTube woodworking how to videos online.

…Your comments are welcomed…

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University


Finish Work Methods for an Inlaid Picture Frame

Finish Work Methods for Lasting Beauty

 

Finish Work Methods Include Surface Preparation

 

Completed Cosmati Picture Frame - Finish Work MethodsFinish work methods can make all the difference in a woodworker’s project. One of the major challenges for the beginning woodworker, intermediate woodworker, or even an experienced longtime woodworker can be the ability to achieve a satisfactory wood finish. Surface preparation is a key ingredient to achieving the desired results. In this woodworking article we will focus on these important woodworking skills. These finish work methods include the use of a card scraper and also the use of sandpaper with a sanding block.

 

The Value of Using a Card Scraper

 

Cosmati Picture Frame - Finish Work Methods - Card ScraperWhy include the card scraper in the finish work methods? The card scraper gives the woodworker a controlled way of leveling the surface of his woodworking project. In the woodworking video, the woodworker uses the card scraper to level the decorative wood inlay banding to the surface of the picture frame. Not only is the woodworker taking thin shavings off of the banding, he is also cleaning up all the glue lines and any excess glue that may be on the surface. It is critically important to remove this dried glue prior to applying the finish. If not removed, the glue will stick out like a sore thumb once the chosen finish is applied. So, it is imperative that we take care of that now before it becomes an issue.

 

Control the Wood Being Removed

 

Another important reason the card scraper is included in these finish work methods is because the decorative wood inlay banding is of only 3/32″ thick and the banding is inlaid and glued into a shallow depth of a 1/16″ dado. The card scraper allows the woodworker to remove thin shavings of wood at this time while eliminating the need for any heavy sanding. In this way the woodworker can carefully control the amount of material being removed. We definitely want to make sure that the inlay banding is not sanded through.

 

Why Sand with a Sanding Block? 

 

Cosmati Picture Frame - Finish Work Methods Sandpaper is used with a sanding block. This woodworking technique allows for the woodworker to comfortably grip the sandpaper. This method also provides the woodworker with a great means for applying an even pressure to the picture frame surface. Keep in mind that we are looking for a smooth, flat surface for our woodworking project.  Depending on how well the work is performed with the card scraper and the type of wood being used for the project, it is likely that the initial sanding can begin with 100 to 200 grit sandpaper. In the case of this picture frame, the woodworker continued to prepare the wood surface up to 400 grit sandpaper.

 

How to Check for Glue Stain

 

A portion of the finish work methods includes applying a small amount of paint thinner to a rag and then applying it to the picture frame. Why is this an important element of the finish work methods? There are two parts to this answer. The wiping of the woodworking project with paint thinner helps to clean up any sawdust that may remain from the sanding. This cleaning technique will also show us any glue that may may be left on the surface of our project. If we see any glue stain showing at this time, we still have some more work to do before we apply the wood finish. If any glue stain remains, we need to remove it with further sanding.

 

Sanding Sealer, Cherry Wood, and Blotching

 

These finish work methods lead us up to the important moment of applying the finish. In the case of the woodworker’s picture frame, he chose to apply a coat of sanding sealer to the cherry picture frame. Cherry is prone to blotching and the sealer will help to remedy this issue.

 

Applying the Lacquer

 

Cosmati Picture frame 086After the sanding sealer has been applied and given time to adequately dry, it is time to perform a light sanding. This sanding will help by giving the surface some “tooth.” In other words, when the lacquer is sprayed onto the freshly sanded surface, the lacquer will have a good surface to adhere to. (Be sure to remove any and all sanding dust prior to applying the lacquer.) The woodworker can then proceed to build up layers of lacquer to achieve a desirable wood finish for his or her woodworking project.

 

Watch more YouTube woodworking how to videos online.

…Your comments are welcomed…

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University


Wood Patterns for Inlay Bandings

Wood Patterns for Inlay Bandings

Cosmati wood pattern for wood inlay bandingWood patterns for inlay banding are varied. That’s one of the pleasures of making wood inlay banding. There are so many wood patterns to from which to choose. There are also so many wood choices to choose from when creating a wood pattern for inlay banding.

 

 

Learn How to Make Wood Patterns for Inlay Banding

 

Diamond wood inlay banding - wood patternsWhile there is very little information available on how to make your own wood inlay banding, it can still be accomplished by the woodworker in his or her workshop. How? If you follow along and I will show you how. These woodworking methods and techniques have been conceived of and developed by The Apprentice and The Journeyman in order to resurrect the lost art of making wood inlay banding in the workshop. We will work with simple wood patterns of inlay banding as well as complex wood patterns. There is something for all skill levels of woodworkers to enjoy.

 

Woodworking Methods to Create Designs in Wood

 

Diamond Wood Inlay Banding - SketchUp Wood PatternsMost woodworkers have a natural tendency to work with the table saw. However, when cutting wood segments my recommendation is to cut them on the band saw. Why? It’s safer. The small wood segments can fly off of a spinning table saw blade and often times it can be very difficult small segments accurately with the table saw. Can wood patterns for inlay banding be cut on the table saw? Yes, of course. However, many great wood patterns can be cut more safely on the band saw and that is our focus here.

 

Free Wood Patterns to Make Inlay Bandings

 

Free wood patterns for making wood inlay bandings can be found at the SketchUp Warehouse. (You’ll need a google account which is also free.) Search for wood inlay bandings and you will find the wood patterns that The Apprentice and Journeyman is sharing with you. There are variety of wood patterns to get you started. Keep in mind that there is no end grain showing on any of the inlay bandings. It is all face grain or side grain.

 

 

Related Wood Inlay Banding Articles & Woodworking Videos:

Woodworking How to – Make Diamond Wood Inlay Banding

Wood Inlay Banding – How to Make the Square Pattern

Wood Inlay Banding – How to Make Barber Pole Banding

Checkered Wood Inlay Banding

 

Watch more YouTube woodworking how to videos online.

…Your comments are welcomed…

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University



How to Glue Wood Inlay Banding

Learn How to Glue Wood Inlay Banding

 

Learn how to glue up wood inlay banding in the workshop. An important aspect which is critical to the success of the wood inlay banding project is how to glue up and clamp the wood segments. Watch this YouTube video to learn how the woodworker uses a simple step by step woodworking system to ensure an accurate alignment of the wood inlay banding design.

 “A man of knowledge lives by acting, not by thinking about acting. ”

Carlos Castaneda…(1925 – 1998) Peruvian – American author, student of anthropology.

What’s the Best Glue to Use?

 

How to Glue Wood Inlay Banding - Segments for the Diamond PatternThe best glue adhesive based upon my experience for how to glue wood inlay banding is Elmer’s glue all. This white glue has a longer “open time” before it starts to set up. This is very helpful when working with a lot of wood segments and when a woodworker is trying to arrange and secure the pattern of wood inlay banding. This white glue is also a strong wood glue when gluing wood to wood.

 

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Another Choice for Wood Adhesive

 

How to Glue Wood Inlay Bandings - Diamond Inlay BandingTitebond yellow glue is also a good choice of wood adhesive. Just keep in mind, the woodworker may have figure out how to glue wood quickly. This can depend on factors like temperature, humidity, and the complexity of the wood inlay banding patterns.

 

 

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An Important Tip & Technique for Gluing Wood Inlay Banding

 

How to Glue Wood Inlay Banding - Painters Tape Secures the Alignment of Wooden SegmentsHere’s a woodworking tip for how to glue wood inlay banding. Clamp a straight board to the laminate surface of the work area. (Remove this straight edge immediately after the wood inlay banding is clamped. Otherwise it could be glued to the project. Keep in mind that blue tape, clear packing tape, or a coating of wax can be applied to the straight edge to protect it from becoming glued.)

The next step is to apply blue painters tape in a manner that will secure the alignment of the wood segments to be first laid down. Use a combination square to create a 90 degree angle with the straight edge of the board and the first segment. Be sure to press the wooden segment down firmly on the blue painters tape. Now it is just a matter of carefully arranging the following segments in place.

 

Be Prepared for the Glue Up

 

How to Glue Wood Inlay Banding - Clamps & a Wood Caul Apply Even PressureWhen learning how to glue wood inlay bandings, it is wise to be prepared. Have the necessary clamps, cauls, wood inlay banding materials, glue, glue brushes, blue tape, glue applicators, and paper towels readily available. Remember, it is always a great idea to perform a “dry run” first just to make sure.

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Work on a Non-Stick Surface

 

How to Glue Wood Inlay Banding - Wooden segments are laid out for a Dry RunWoodworkers will notice that a laminate surface is being used. This type of surface works well during the glue up as it is flat and resistant to the drying glue. It is also easy to clean off any excess glue with a scraper when preparing for the following glue-up.

 

 

 

Related Wood Inlay Banding Articles & Woodworking Videos:

Woodworking How to – Make Diamond Wood Inlay Banding

Wood Inlay Banding – How to Make the Square Pattern

Wood Inlay Banding – How to Make Barber Pole Banding

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Watch more YouTube woodworking how to videos online.

…Your comments are welcomed…

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University


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