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February 23, 2017

Online how to Woodworking Guide – The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

An Online How to Woodworking Guide

Segmented Woodturning - Woodturner - Online how to woodworking Guide- The Apprenticeand The Journeyman UniversityThe Apprentice and The Journeyman University is an Online How To Woodworking Guide  specifically for woodworkers. This ongoing collection of  woodworking videos, articles, and wood projects is for the beginning woodworker as well as the experienced woodworker. The primary goal of sharing this woodworking knowledge base is to pass on experience to those who want to take their woodworking skills to a higher level.

The online how to woodworking guide is set up so that you can easily browse through the various woodworking subjects at a glance.  This offers woodworkers an opportunity learn many new woodworking ideas. These are how to woodworking tips that you can immediately apply in your woodworking shop. So, if you are new to woodworking and have been wanting to learn how to woodwork, take your time and enjoy this knowledge base. If you are an experienced craftsman, here’s an opportunity to share proven woodworking ideas and techniques. If you find value with this online how to woodworking guide, consider The Apprentice and The Journeyman University as a regular source for your online woodworking.

“Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.”
Leonardo da Vinci 
…Italian painter, sculptor, architect, and engineer…(1452-1519)

Architectural Details…Interior, Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House, Chicago - Frank Lloyd Wright Homes - Online how to Woodworking Guide

Custom Inlay Designs for Arts and Crafts Woodworking

Decorative Door Knockers of Florence, Italy

Decorative Inlay Patterns for Custom Hardwood Inlays

Decorative Woodworking Patterns of Architectural Millwork & Custom Moulding

Fine Woodworking Patterns for the Skilled Woodworker

Frank Lloyd Wright Homes – CarpentryVideo

Front Doors of Florence Italy

Santa Maria del Fiore…Duomo Cathedral of Florence, Italy

Woodworking Ideas & Patterns from Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo

Articles…Segmented woodturning - Wood lathe - new to woodworking - woodworking ideas

Band Saw Woodworking Safety Tips

How Venice Italy was Built on a Foundation of Wood

Miraculous Staircase – Carpentry and WoodworkingVideo

Steve’s Woodworking Shop Tour

The Practice of Woodworking

Wood Veneer Coffee Table by Vincenzo

Woodworking Skills…The Shape of Things to Come

Arts and Crafts…

Gustav Stickley…Father of the American Arts and Crafts MovementVideo

Custom Picture Frame with Hardwood Inlay

Crosscut Sleds…Band Saw Cross Cut Sleds - Bandsaw Crosscut sled - new to woodworking

A French Built Dedicated Miter Sled

Bandsaw Crosscut SledVideo

Building a Dedicated Miter Sled for the tablesawVideo

Dedicated Miter Sled…revisited

Let’s Build a Bandsaw Miter SledVideo

Let’s Build a Dedicated Dado Sled for the Table SawVideo

Let’s Make Picture Frames with the Dedicated Miter SledVideo

SketchUp of the Dedicated Miter Sled for the Tablesaw

Tilting Bandsaw Miter SledVideo

Inspiration…

James Krenov…Legendary Woodworker 1920-2009

Inspiration in Venice, Italy

 Remembering James KrenovVideo

Sam Maloof…woodworking interview…1982Video

Joinery…

Box Joint Fence for the Dado Crosscut SledSplined Mitre Joints - Picture Frame - Joiner - Joinery

Cutting Tenons on a Dado Crosscut SledVideo

How to Make Perfect Miter Joints

Let’s Make Spline Miter JointsVideo

Mastering the Miter JointVideo

The Splined Miter JointVideo

 

 ProjectsKoa Jewelry Box - Veneer - Veneering - wood veneer - wooden jewelry boxes

A Custom Bathroom Wall Cabinet with Raised Panel Doors

A Hand Dovetailed Black Walnut Jewelry Box

A Multidrawer Wall Cabinet for the Workshop

A Woodworking Drill Press Table

Double Bevel Marquetry…a Tulip of Various Woods

How to Make a Picture Frame – Top Woodworking TipsVideo 

Let’s Build a Drill Press TableVideo

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 1Video

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 2…Vacuum PressVideo

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 3Video

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 4Video

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 5…WoodturningVideo

Let’s Build a Jewelry Box…Part 6…JoineryVideo

Let’s Build a Magazine CaseVideo

Koa Wood for a Woodworking Project

Techniques…Cutting thin strips - Saw Techniques - Bandsaw Jig - Resaw Band saw

Band Saw Rip Fence made in the ShopVideo

Bandsaw Resawing Method…Article & Video

Creating Picture Frame MouldingVideo

Cutting Thin Strips on the Band SawVideo

Finish Work Methods for an Inlaid Picture FrameArticle & Video

How to adjust for Band Saw Blade DriftVideo

How to Create Dentil MouldingVideo

How to Cut Uniform Thin Strips

Woodworking Tip – The Power of the ShimVideo

Tools…Wooden picture frame - Ulmia Miter Clamps - Miter clamp - Mitre Clamps - Pinch Clamp

A Favorite Tool…The Wixey Digital Angle Gauge

Card Scraper for Wood Inlay Bandings

How to make Poorboy Parallel ClampsVideo

Poorboy Parallel Clamps…questions from a Woodworker

Precision Woodworking Tools…using a Caliper

Sliding Bevel Gauge – Woodworking Layout Tool

The 5 Most Important Power Tools in my Woodworking Shop

Try Anti-Fatigue Mats…your feet will thank you!

Ulmia Miter Clamps and Pinch Clamps

Using Push Sticks for Safe WoodworkingArticle & Video

Zero Clearance Table Saw Inserts

Wood Inlay…Wood Inlay Bandings - How to make Wood Inlays - Making Inlay Banding - Decorative Wood Inlay

A Sicilian Walnut Table with Decorative Wood Inlay Banding

A Step by Step Process…A Banding with Checkers

A Study of Creating Wood Inlay Bandings

Buffard Freres…The 1926 Wood Inlay Banding Catalog

 Buffard Freres wood inlay bandings…1134-1141

Checkered Wood Inlay Bandings

Creating bandings for wood inlayVideo

Creating your own Wood Inlay Bandings…The Secrets Revealed

Hardwood Inlays made in the Woodworking Shop

How to create Barber Pole Wood Inlay Banding

How to Glue Wood Inlay BandingArticle & Video

How to install Wood InlayVideo

How to make Bandings for Wood Inlay…Part 1

How to make Bandings for Wood Inlay…Part 2

How to Make Designs in Wood InlayArticle & Video

How to Make Picture Frames with Wood Inlay

Learn How to Make Wood Inlay BandingsVideo

Let’s Install Wood Inlay BandingsVideo

Making Wood Inlay on the BandsawVideo

Ripping Thin Strips of Wood Inlay on the Band SawVideo

The Art of Wood Inlay BandingArticle

Wolf’s Tooth…a Decorative Wood Inlay Banding

Wolf’s Tooth Banding…a Two for One

Wooden Patterns for ParquetryArticle & Video

Wood Inlay Banding – How to Make Barber Pole BandingVideo

Wood Inlay Banding – How to Make the Square Pattern…Video

Wood Inlay…the Bandings are readyVideo

Wood Inlay…Making a Statement

Wood Patterns for Inlay BandingsArticle & Video

 Woodturning…Salt and Pepper mills - Wood Turning - Woodturning Projects - Wood Lathe - Woodturner

 Creating and Turning Salt and Peppermills

A fascinating woodturning process

Let’s Turn Salt and Pepper MillsVideo

 Wood turning tools used for the Salt and Pepper Mills

 

 …Segmented Wood Turning…Segmented Woodturning - Segmented Bowl Turning - Segmented woodturners - Segmented woodturning videos

 A Salad Bowl set of maple & walnut…part 1

A Salad Bowl set of maple & walnut…part 2

Finishing the Segmented Vase of walnut & mapleVideo

Gluing and Aligning wood rings for Segmented Turnings

Mortising the base of the segmented vaseVideo

9 1/2″ x 12″ Vase…Segmented Woodturning

Organizing the segments and rings

Segmented Vase 9″ x 12″…Mahogany, maple, cherry, & walnut

 Segmented Vase…maple & walnut

Segmented vase of maple, mahogany, and walnut

Segmented Wood Turning…a Cherry and Walnut Bowl

Staved Segmented Woodturning…a Fruit Bowl

The Process of Segmented Woodturning

Turning a Segmented Vase on a Wood Lathe

Woodturning…A Segmented Vase of Walnut and Maple

Woodturning…Dinner Salad Bowls of Mahogany and Walnut

Woodturning… video of the 9″ x 12″ Segmented VaseVideo

Wood Turn a Segmented Knob on a Wood Lathe…Video

Wood Turning…a Segmented Fruit Bowl…part 1Video

 Wood Turning…a Segmented Fruit Bowl…part 2Video

……

Woodworking Power Tools


Frank Lloyd Wright Homes – Carpentry

Frank Lloyd Wright homes offer unique architectural designs. It is widely accepted that this architect was a genius and far ahead of his time. In this article we are going to focus on Wright’s design of the interiors of a few homes that feature woodworking, finish carpentry, and wooden furniture.

Frank Lloyd Wright Homes

Frank Lloyd Wright Homes - Dana Thomas House interior The  Dana Thomas House is located in Springfield, Illinois. This house is the best preserved and most complete of the Frank Lloyd Wright homes which are known as the early Prairie houses. The structure for this property has changed little since its construction in 1902-04 for the Springfield socialite and women’s activist Susan Lawrence Dana.

For a woodworker it must have been a joy to work on Frank Lloyd Wright homes. In this photo, the wood trim is an important element in the overall design of the room. Most likely, woodworkers at the planing mill prepared various wood members such as the ceiling hoops and side braces. These craftsmen would also prepare the arched wooden beams that are on each side of the room. The casement windows would be made at the planing mill as well the wooden fixtures in front of semi-circular window at the end of the room. When delivered to the jobsite, the finish carpenters would then secure them in place.

Master carpenters on the job site would receive the woodwork prepared by the planing mill.  Then it was up to these finish carpenters to cut,  fit , and assemble the trim members into their required positions.

The furniture in the Frank Lloyd Wright homes were designed by the architect. Here, we can see evidence of Wight’s influence on the arts and crafts movement.

 

 

Interior, Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House, Chicago - Frank Lloyd Wright HomesThe Robie House was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1908 and was completed in 1910. It is considered one of the most important buildings in American architecture and is a masterpiece. It is an example of the Frank Lloyd Wright homes designed in the Prairie style. The Robie House is located on the campus of the University of Chicago.


The domed ceiling in this room of the Robie  House features architectural members of semi-circular wood trim installed by finish carpenters. These woodworkers also fit the curved wood casing into the ceiling for the room’s overhead light source. Cabinetmakers also had a hand with Frank Lloyd Wright homes. Notice the cabinets on each side of the fireplace that have a wood shelf that unites them to form a mantle. Visually, it appears that the combination of the cabinets and shelf are supporting the center arch design at the end wall.

Rosenbaum House interior 3...Florence Alabama - Frank Lloyd Wright Homes

Rosenbaum House interior 2...Florence Alabama - Frank Lloyd Wright Homes

The Rosenbaum House was built in 1939 for Stanley and Mildred Rosenbaum of Florence, Alabama. The architectural style of this home is known as Usonian. These Frank Lloyd Wright homes were offered as low cost homes to middle income families. Additions to the Usonian homes could simply be added on as the family grew.

As we observe the genius of Wright’s designs, it is also important to look at the skill level and craftsmanship of the workers who carried out the architect’s plan. When considering the time period that these homes were built, what woodworking tools do you think were available to the carpenter, cabinetmaker, or furniture maker?

Front Doors of Florence Italy

“A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles.” …Christopher Reeves (1952-2004) Actor, director, and producer.

Front Doors of Florence Italy 1

 

Front Doors of Florence Italy

 

The Front doors of Florence Italy simply caught the attention of the woodworker and carpenter in me. Fortunately, my camera captured these images to share with you.

Front doors can say a lot about a residence and the resident as well. The first photograph reveals a section of a massive front door that could quite possibly date back to the 14th or 15th century. What catches your eye in this image? Is it the number of metal studs that creates a unique design on the stiles, rails, and panels? Could it be the the mitered mortise and tenon joints where the rails meets the stiles? There is a lot for a woodworker to discover in this photo. Notice how the left stile varies from the right side stile. There a vertical line on the left stile underneath the latch meaning a wood strip was added to the exterior door at some point in time.

When looking at the right side rail, notice how it is made with two pieces of wood to give the rail its full width. The lower strip of the rail is cut at a width to coincide with the long point of the mitered joint. We can readily see that the left wood door rail is made from one piece of timber.

The Front doors have wrought iron hardware. Look how the door bolt fits thru five metal rings to secure the entry doors. The door bolt handle is flat so that the bolt can be turned and slid thru the rings. Here we can see how a carpenter used chisels or gouges on the door stiles and mouldings to allow clearance for the door bolt to pass thru the metal rings. There is also a wrought iron door pull to open this massive door. If we look closely it appears that there is a star shaped metal escutcheon between the door pull and the doors panel. Plus, we can also see where the keyhole is along with another smaller hole. Just imagine what the hardware would be on the interior side of the front doors.

The moulding of the front doors was obviously crafted by hand and has mitered joints at the corners. Can you imagine creating a door like this back in the 14th or 15th century. Imagine the tools that woodworkers and carpenters were using. What type of measuring devices did they use? (I don’t think they had tape measures back then.) What type of saws were used back then to cut these timbers? What type of hand planes and moulding planes were used? What type of drill was used to create all the holes for the metal studs? Needless to say, the men who built these front doors way back when were great mechanics and highly talented craftsmen. I would have loved to see them hanging and fitting these front doors as the doors are still functional after all these years.

 

Front Doors of Florence ItalyThe front doors of Florence Italy in this photo appear much newer than the previous image. However, we can see similarities in the usage of the metal studs which pierce and decorate the doors. There are many panels in this door which also adds to the overall design. Take a look at the location of the key entry. This is about 32-36 inches above the ground and this clue will give us an idea of the overall height and width of the front doors. Also, we can see the four heavy duty hinges on each side of the doors. Needless to say, these hinges are supporting a lot of weight when we take into consideration the amount of wood and the number of metal studs being held.

 

There is something incredibly unique about these front doors pictured. Can you see it? These are actually bi-fold doors. There are four vertical sections. There are hinges on the backside of the doors that allow for the doors to fold. If we look at the bottoms of the doors, we will notice four individual pieces of wood that allow for the folding of the the four vertical sections of the doors. Again, this is another wonderful example of fine woodworking skills and advanced carpentry craftsmanship.

 

Feel free to share your thoughts, insights, and questions.

Recommended Articles:

Custom Inlay Designs for Arts and Crafts Woodworking

Woodworking Ideas & Patterns from Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo

Decorative Woodworking Patterns of Architectural Millwork & Custom Moulding

 

Woodworking Power Tools


 

 

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

Woodworking Ideas & Patterns from Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo

“Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody else has thought.”
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)…Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer, poet, cleric.

Woodworking ideas and patterns from Santa Maria del Fiore.

Woodworking ideas & woodworking patterns gleaned from Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo can be appreciated by students of the woodworking craft. These unique and refined woodworking ideas & woodworking patterns can be learned from the Italian master craftsmen who worked in marble in the 1870’s.

The beauty and elegance of the scene captures the imagination of this woodworker as so many woodworking skills are called upon to create such a masterpiece. The overall architectural design is simply a gem. The proportions are classical. I think you will agree with me when I say that it is one thing to draw such a beautiful design on paper. Then again, it is still entirely another thing for a skilled craftsman to create this scene by hand. Yet, here it is, a masterpiece for all to enjoy.

 

What woodworking ideas can you find in these photos? How would a woodworker create the spiraled columns out of wood? How would a woodworker make the curved moulding behind the statue?

What woodworking patterns can a woodworker find in this photo? We can see two types and sizes of spiraled columns. Notice how each column has a left and right pattern. Also, how could woodworking patterns play a role in the mosaic inlay on the curved wall? (The band saw crosscut sled and the bandsaw miter sled would each get a great workouts if wood inlay was applied to the wall.)

How would a craftsman build the curved wall behind the statue? What role would woodworking patterns play in designing and constructing the domed ceiling?

Notice how the pediment is arched and symmetrical. The cherub in the center is framed with a circular moulding while carvings adorn both sides of the pediment facade. When we study the dentil moulding, notice how the fronts of each dentil is curved. There is also a notched moulding beneath the pediment that that is arched. These notches create shadows that attract ones attention.

Woodworking ideas and woodworking patterns from Santa Maria del Fiore.

What woodworking tools would a master woodworker use to create this scene? Obviously, power tools like the table saw, band saw, and wood lathes would be employed. Hand tools such as carving tools would be needed as well as sculpting gouges when carving the capitals. However, think about this. What layout tools would be employed? It is easy to see how dividers and trammel points would be necessary for an accurate layout. Can you also see how it would be important to have woodworking patterns for woodturning the columns. A woodworker would also benefit from implementing woodworking patterns when cutting the curved work beneath the triangular pediment. Here is where a band saw would be useful.

Woodworking ideas can be captured from this photograph as these architectural elements exude a wealth of unique and specialized knowledge of our craft. It is simply a joy to witness the refined skills from the master craftsmen that have long since passed. It is their ideas, patterns, and love of the craft that continues to live on and inspire other craftsman. It is up to those of us that care to follow in their footsteps and to carry the torch for the future generations to come.

 

Recommended articles:


Decorative Inlay Patterns for Custom Hardwood Inlays

Santa Maria del Fiore…Duomo Cathedral of Florence, Italy


 

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

Fine Woodworking Patterns for the Skilled Woodworker

“Beauty is truth, truth beauty, that is all ye know on earth, and all ye need to know.”
John Keats…English lyric poet (1795-1821)

Patterns for Woodworking from the Santa Maria del Fiore

Fine woodworking patterns for the skilled woodworker can easily be be found on the facade of the Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo (Cathedral) in Florence, Italy. What we are studying in this posting is merely a sampling of the pure genius of the overall architectural design. There is just so much detail and layout. Then of course there are the skilled craftsman who created these ornamental elements and then fit them together.

Fine woodworking patterns like these can definitely be a appreciated by the skilled woodworker especially when we consider that the facade of the church is marble. Keep in mind the overall design and the amount of layout for the section shown. To simplify things we will break the components into smaller details.

Patterns for Woodworking 3 from Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo.

Notice how the mitered moulding creates a frame and adds depth to the sculpted leaves and the carved youthful face. This ornamental square is one of three squares. Each square is centered under a gothic arch of carrera and prato marble. Imagine the time, patience, and dedication it takes for a skilled woodworker to create a woodworking pattern such as this carving.

Patterns for woodworking 2 from the Santa Maria del fiore

Fine woodworking patterns can be derived from the above picture that reveals three gothic arches. Notice how the frontal arch plays off of the white and green arch in the background. The front arches also form curved triangular patterns that create borders for the sculpted flowers.

Patterns for Woodworking 4 from the Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo.

Fine woodworking patterns are shown in the mosaic inlay. The mosaic inlay is part of a base that supports a marble statue. Take a look and see how the inlay is comprised of various triangles and squares of contrasting colors. This repetitive design is a wonderful choice for an eye-catching custom woodworking pattern. It surely would make for a striking wood inlay banding for the skilled woodworker.

We have only touched upon a few of the architectural design elements that can be implemented for fine woodworking patterns by the skilled woodworker. Yet, all of the woodworking skills required are based upon woodworking basics.

1.)What other patterns catch your eye and imagination?
2.)What woodworking skills would be required to create the design elements?
3.) What woodworking projects could you create using these woodworking patterns?

 

Listen to the bells of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence, Italy.



The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

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