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July 25, 2017

Archives for September 2012

Using Push Sticks for Safe Woodworking

Push Sticks –  Develop a Safe Habit

 

Push Sticks- Push Blocks - Work Safety - Health & SafetyPush sticks are essential woodworking accessories. If a woodworker is going to work with power tools like a table saw, band saw, jointer, or router table, it is an excellent idea to have a variety of push sticks on hand. (Under the general heading of “push sticks” are included push blocks and featherboards as well.) Push sticks are used to keep the woodworker’s hands away from moving saw blades, router bits, and jointer knives during woodworking operations. The wood material being cut or shaped is controlled and guided with the aid of one of more push sticks.

Push Sticks – A Woodworker’s Choice

The intent of this woodworking article and YouTube video is not to serve as a public service announce regarding safety. This article and video are also not intended as a safety guide for all woodworkers to follow. However, the individual woodworker can consider this article and video as a reminder to stop, take your time, and think about what he or she doing when working with power tools. Woodworking safety is an individual’s responsibility.

 

Why use a Push Stick? 

Push sticks and push blocks are woodworking accessories that are used to control material as it is being cut, jointed or shaped.  These safety devices allow for a safe distance between the woodworker’s hands and a spinning saw blade or router bit. Simply put, it’s better to have the accessory nicked that a woodworker’s fingers and hands.

Push Sticks & Hands on Training

Push sticks are part of any quality training course when the use of power tools are discussed. The woodworking instructor will demonstrate how and why the various push sticks are used before any of the stationary power tools are even turned on. If you are a beginning woodworker, it is a good idea to seek out a competent woodworking instructor so that you can learn the basic skills of the wood craft. A great instructor will show you how to work safe.  It’s just a very good idea to get some hands on experience and some safety training.

 

How to Get Push Sticks & Push Blocks

Push sticks are available from online stores like Woodcraft and Rockler. The are plenty of choices of push sticks and push blocks available for the woodworker. Also, it is quite easy to make these woodworking accessories in your own work shop. Be sure to have the push sticks close at hand for each of your stationary power tools. Remember, using push sticks and push blocks is a skill and a habit that we develop when we are new to woodworking. It is also a skill and a habit that we maintain throughout our entire woodworking career.

 

Push Sticks & Work Safety 

Many of us have different levels of woodworking experience. Decide for yourself what your work safety standards are for your skill level. It is your health and safety. Remember to stop, take your time, and think for yourself. Too often accidents happen when a woodworker gets in a hurry. If you aren’t already, consider using push sticks, push blocks, and featherboards.

 

Watch more YouTube woodworking how to videos online.

…Your comments are welcomed…

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University


Woodturning How to Video – Wood Turn a Segmented Knob on a Wood Lathe

Woodturning How To Video – Wood Turn a Segmented Knob

 

Woodturning how to video - segmented woodturning - turned knob with tenonThis woodturning how to video shows how to wood turn a segmented knob on a wood lathe using basic turning tools. In this woodturning project a parting tool, roughing gouge, and spindle gouge with a fingernail grind were used to wood turn the glue up. The woods used for the glue up were hard maple and African mahogany.

Woodturning how to video - segmented woodturning blockThe YouTube woodturning how to video shows a woodturner tightening the segmented glue up into the lathe chuck and then turning a tenon. The tenon is then reversed and tightened within the lathe chuck so that the woodturner can woodturn the main body. Notice how the designs in wood appear as the woodturning takes shape.

 

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Woodturning how to video - tenonA star pattern of maple emerges in the woodturning how to video as the woodturning project progresses. Watch how the  two laminated woods contrast one another as the woodturner rounds out the knob. Since the star pattern is solid throughout the wooden block, the white tips of the maple star appear as white lines between the arched African mahogany on the outside perimeter of the segmented woodturning.

 

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Woodturning how to video - Segmented woodturningVarious grits of sandpaper are used to sand and smooth the wooden project of the woodturning how to video. The woodturner starts with 120 grit and progresses to 320 grit wet & dry sandpaper. Afterwards, the woodturning project is nice and smooth to the touch.

 

 

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Woodturning how to video - Segmented woodturningFinally, the woodturning how to video shows how a wood finish of Tried and True varnish oil finish is applied. The lathe chuck still has a firm grip on the tenon, the wood lathe is turned on, and the finish is a applied using a paper towel. Only a small amount of the oil finish is necessary for a few reasons. The oil varnish simply goes a long way and the segmented woodturning is small. Also, the woodturner wants to avoid any splatter of oil as it is applied to the woodturning project. For this reason it is still a very good idea to work safe and always wear a faceshield during the application of the wood finish.

 

Watch more YouTube woodturning how to videos online.

…Your comments are welcomed…

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University


How to Make Designs in Wood Inlay

Designs in Wood Inlay

 

Designs in wood inlay - Small Star patternDesigns in wood inlay for this woodworking project are created using specialized band saw methods. As you can see when you watch the YouTube woodworking video, very small pieces of decorative wood are cut on the band saw. Initially, the band saw table is set to 30 degrees and a cross cut sled is added. The 1/4″ hardwood material to be cut is maple and mahogany. A stop block is set to control 1/4″ repetitive cuts on the cross cut sled. (Use a dial caliper to ensure the measurements are dead on.) At this point it is a simple matter of making the cross cuts which will produce elongated wooden diamond segments.

 

How to Work Safe when Making Designs of Wood Inlay on the Band Saw

Designs in wood inlay - Small Star pattern - Band Saw table set at 30 degreesWhile creating designs in wood inlay it is important to play attention to the band saw setup. Make sure that the band saw bearing guide assembly is kept low to limit the band saw blade exposure to your hands. To work safe, take your time and develop a comfortable pace. Simply focus on the quality and accuracy of each and every cut being made.

 

Sanding the Burrs

It is a good idea to place the wood segments in a container to keep them organized. When all the segments are cut it is time to rub them on a 120 grit sanding block to remove any burrs. When all the wooden segments have been sanded it is time to glue up the designs in wood inlay.

 

How to Glue Up Designs in Wood Inlay

Designs in wood inlay - Small Star pattern - Simple clamping systemA disposable glue brush, white glue, rubber bands, wire, and pliers is all that is needed for the glue up. At this point it is a simple matter of brushing glue on the segments and positioning them. (The designs in wood inlay that we are creating is a star pattern.) Our clamping system is pretty basic and we first wrap rubber bands around our glued up segments to allow the glue to set. After the glue sets it is then time to tighten wire around the ends of the each glue up. Then let the glue cure.

When the glue has set we take each of our star patterns to the sanding block to smooth it out and remove any leftover glue. We want a good, flat surface when we set the star patterns on the band saw cross cut sled.

 

Cutting Designs in Wood Inlay on the Band Saw

Designs in wood inlay - Small Star pattern - Band saw cross cut sledNow the fun begins as we  square off an end of each star pattern. Next we choose a scrap block and square off an end and apply double stick tape to that end. Now it is a simple matter of connecting a squared off end of a star pattern to the double stick tape of the stop block. The addition of the scrap block allows for a work safe condition when working with the band saw cross cut sled. In essence our hands will be plenty clear of the band saw blade when cutting our designs in wood inlay veneers.

For the first cut of each star pattern block we will make a trim cut. Then we will square up the end so that the block can be set against the clamped stop block. The stop block is set to make a cut of 3/32″. Now it is simply a matter of slicing small wood veneer sheets. Each of the wood veneer sheets contains star parquetry designs in wood inlay. The use of the wood veneers are open to the woodworker’s imagination. These designs in wood inlay can be used as either inlays or onlays. A woodworker can use these hardwood veneers to adorn many woodworking projects such as custom wood furniture, decorative picture frames, exquisite jewelry boxes, and much, much more.

…Your comments are welcomed…

 

The Apprentice and The Journeyman University

 


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